Trinity Western University

Faculty Directory

Bill Gardner, Ph.D.

Associate Professor

  • Biography

    Bill Gardner completed his M.A. in Linguistics at the University of North Dakota, and his Ph.D. in Intercultural Studies at Fuller Theological Seminary. From 1988-2013, he worked in the Congo, Mozambique, and Kenya, doing language survey, teaching linguistics, and serving as the Country Director for SIL-Mozambique.



  • Education

    Ph.D. Intercultural Studies (Fuller Theological Seminary); M.A. Linguistics (University of North Dakota); M.A. Christian Studies (New College for Advanced Christian Studies); B.Sc. (Hons.) Electrical Engineering (University of California at Davis)


  • Research & Scholarship

    • 2013 Presented paper at Phonetics and Phonology of Sub-Saharan Languages conference at Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa on “Morphophonemic alternations in the initial consonants of stems in Olunyole, a Luyia Bantu Language”
    • 2010 Dissertation: “Toward Transcultural Training in Phonological Processes for Bantu Language Mother Tongue Translators,” Pasadena: Fuller Theological Seminary
    • 2000 Member of Bantu Initiative Technical Committee, coordinated by SIL
    • 1998 Led the Ndau language survey in central Mozambique
    • 1995-1999 Research on the phonology and orthography of the Ndau language
    • 1988-1989 Participated in the Babole language survey and led the Bomitaba survey in northern Congo (Brazzaville)
  • Recent Publications

    • 2006 “Language Use in the Epena District of Northern Congo,” in SIL Electronic Survey Reports (
    • 2004 “An Introduction to the Phonology of New Testament Greek and Old Testament Hebrew,” in SIL-Mozambique Working Papers, Vol. 3
    • 2004 SIL Electronic Book Review of: “Ikalanga phonetics and phonology: a synchronic and diachronic study,” by Joyce T. Mathangwane
    • 2001 “Orthography Challenges in Bantu Languages,” in Notes on Literacy, Vol. 27, #4
    • 2000 “Consonant Mutation in Shona Languages,” in SIL-Mozambique Working Papers, Vol. 2
    • 1991 “Toward a Theology of Translation,” in Notes on Translation, Vol. 5, #3
  • Memberships & Affiliations

    • 2014 Licensed Minister with the Evangelical Covenant Church
    • 2013 Certified Linguistics Consultant with SIL Africa
  • Courses Taught at TWU

    LING 330 Phonological Analysis

     LIN/G 4/593 OL Semantics & Pragmatics

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, and School of Graduate Studies

Department or Program:

MA Linguistics, and Linguistics
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